Studies by Sector
Phase 2 of the DemandAT project involves in-depth research on demand in three fields of trafficking: domestic work, prostitution and the globalised production of goods. Our research investigates the strategies used for addressing demand in these fields. The methods used employ cross-country comparison as part of the analysis. In relation to each field our research focuses on how demand is seen and how it is tackled in counter trafficking measures.
Trafficking and the Domestic Work Sector
Researchers at EUI are leading work investigating trafficking in the context of domestic work. The research has three objectives: (1) investigate the types situations involving trafficking; (2) ii) examine the motivations and factors driving and shaping the demand and iii) examine the conditions that render exploitation possible and the gaps in policies that do not prevent it ? The domestic work sector was selected as a focus for in-depth research as it is regarded as a high-risk sector for exploitation and one where the context renders mainstream labour regulation approaches problematic.
The scope of the on-going research is laid out in:
· Alexandra Ricard-Guay (2016) Trafficking in Domestic Work: Looking at the Demand-Side, DemandAT Working Paper 5
The research outputs include a series of seven country studies and policy briefs
- Belgium Case Study and Policy Brief, by Beatriz Magãlhaes Camargo, June 2016
- Cyprus Case Study and Policy Brief, by Danai Angeli, June 2016
- France Case Study and Policy Brief, by Florence Levy, June 2016
- Greece Case Study and Policy Brief, Danai Angeli, June 2016
- Italy Case Study and Policy Brief, by Letizia Palumbo, June 2016
- Netherlands Case Study and Policy Brief, by Eefje de Volder, June 2016
- United Kingdom Case Study and Policy Brief, by Thanos Maroukis, June 2016
Work on this topic included a conference on 13-14 October 2016 on Trafficking for Severe Labour Exploitation in Europe: Addressing Demand. Videos can be accessed here
Trafficking and Prostitution/Sex Work
Trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation continues to be a key area of concern and prostitution remains a high risk sector for trafficking. DemandAT research on trafficking and prostitution focuses on the different models of regulating prostitution using a three country comparison between Germany, Sweden and New Zealand. The countries are chosen to represent three policy models for tackling demand in prostitution: regulation, criminalisation and decriminalisation respectively. Led by researchers at the University of Lund this research seeks to identify what effect different prostitution policies have on the demand side of prostitution, especially in regards to trafficking in human beings.
Trafficking and the Globalised Production of Goods
This strand of the DemandAT project researches the links between the demand expressed by businesses and consumers in the EU and trafficking that may occur outside the EU’s borders. It takes as its staring point the fact that consumption and production in a globalised world are not confined by borders and therefore neither is trafficking in human beings.
Researchers based at the University of Durham draw on global production network analysis to develop a dataset of initiatives addressing Trafficking, Forced Labour and Slavery (TFLS). Three in-depth case studies with a range of stakeholders focus on agriculture in Florida (USA), construction in Qatar and the electronics industry in Malaysia